Primary aldosteronism is the most frequent cause of hormonal hypertension. Recent findings support the concept of continuous spectrum of autonomous aldosterone secretion with mild or subclinical forms being even more common than was suspected. Assumptions emerge that a considerable number of low-renin hypertensives might actually have aldosterone overproduction. However, the awareness of the disease and its consequences is still unsatisfactory. Nowadays experts are still trying to manage some unanswered questions and on-going debate on who should be screened for primary aldosteronism and how to do so.
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